Why Islamic Banks Tend to Avoid Participatory Financing? A Demand, Regulation, and Uncertainty Framework

  • Muhammad Nouman
  • Karim Ullah
  • Saleem Gul


Participatory financing arrangements including Musharakah and Mudarabah are the essence of Islamic banking and represent the true spirit of Islamic banking and finance. Therefore, Islamic banks are expected to allow and promote participatory financing. In practice, Islamic banks adopt participatory financing arrangements for the scheme of deposits. However, they do not adopt participatory financing on the assets side due to several constraints. By far, the non-participatory financing arrangements, particularly Murabahah and Ijarah, are the most dominant modes of financing around the globe. Many authors have provided different explanations for the tendency of Islamic banks to avoid participatory financing. However, literature is divergent and the typology of the constraints to participatory financing is missing. Therefore, there is no unified understanding of the constraints to participatory financing. The present study employs insights form the extant literature using a systematic literature review and synthesizes a coherent participatory financing constraints framework using the thematic synthesis method to name and make sense of what makes participatory financing a less attractive option for Islamic banks. This study adds to the Islamic banking and finance literature by synthesizing the divergent literature, and conceptualizing a participatory financing constraints framework which can be used as a dependable framework for assessment in any related case study and policy implications. Moreover, it demonstrates an application of systematic review in Islamic banking research.
How to Cite
NOUMAN , Muhammad; ULLAH , Karim; GUL , Saleem. Why Islamic Banks Tend to Avoid Participatory Financing? A Demand, Regulation, and Uncertainty Framework . Business & Economic Review, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 1-32, mar. 2018. ISSN 2519-1233. Available at: <http://bereview.pk/index.php/BER/article/view/224>. Date accessed: 15 apr. 2021.

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